The palace was built from the command of the German Emperor Leopold I. In 1996 it was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Currently it is dominated by a Baroque decor issued during the reign of Maria Theresa. In the interiors can be seen numerous frescoes and moldings. For visitors are available for example the royal suites. In the outbuilding operates the Carriage Museum. There is also the Palm House, Glorietta and the Fountain of Neptune.
It should be emphasized that from 1441 chambers for tourist was given only 45. The interior is maintained in the Rococo style and decorated with Czech crystal mirrors and faience ovens. Against this background, exceptional modesty are characterized the residential chambers and offices of Emperor Franz Joseph.
When it comes to the history of each room, it is worth recalling that in the Hall of Mirrors performed Mozart as a six years old child. In turn, in the Round Chinese Cabinet, Maria Theresa held secret conferences with the chancellor prince Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz. In another room conferred Napoleon. Whereas, in the Blue Chinese Salon the Emperor Charles I signed a waiver to participate in government. Noteworthy is also the Millionth Room. Its walls were minted by rose wood and decorated with precious miniatures from India and Persia. Thanks to its décor is one of the most beautiful Rococo interiors in the world.
This is the official residence of the Habsburgs. It was built in the twelfth century. Its representative functions served until the twentieth century. In the meantime, it was undergone several reconstructions and modifications. Today it is a major complex of buildings, squares, courtyards and gardens.
Vienna was founded about 500 BC. Initially, it was a Celtic settlement, but in 15 BC played the role of the Roman frontier post. It guarded security of the Roman Empire against invasions of tribes from the north.
Vienna received city rights in 1221. In the Middle Ages it was ruled by the dynasty of Babenbergs. When, in 1440 the Habsburgs took power, the city became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire, the seat of a bishopric, an important cultural and scientific center.
In the middle of the sixteenth century it was begun to build fortifications. These walls were supposed to protect the inhabitants of the city from the Turkish invasions. In the sixteenth and seventeenth century, twice managed to repel the Turks (including help of Poland).
The following years were not kind to Vienna. Suffice it to say that the epidemic ravaged the city – were killed 70 thousand humans. Card turned for the better in the eighteenth century. Then started to be “golden period” in the history of this city. There has been a rapid expansion of trade, industry, culture and art. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, there was held the Congress of Vienna. Participants of the meeting agreed on a completely new order in Europe.
When the power took over Franz Joseph I, was created the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. At the time, it created a lot of elegant buildings that we can see so far.
After World War I, Vienna became the capital of the Republic of Austria.
Unfortunately, World War II had degraded it to the role of the provincial town on the borders of the Reich. Only after the war Vienna once again became the capital of Austria, but to the the ’70s was divided into zones of occupation.
Austrian rules in this regard are the same as the EU rules. Poles are not subject of restrictions to the amount of transported and purchased goods, if they are intended for personal use or gifts. Sale of goods is a violation of the law and shall be subject to applicable penalties and confiscation.
The only customs restrictions are the following products:
cigarettes – 200 pcs.
cigarillos – 400 pcs.
cigars – 200 pcs.
tobacco – 1 kg
spirit – 10 l
wine with increased alcohol content (eg. sherry, port wine) – 20 l
wine – 90 liters (including up to 60 liters of sparkling wine)
beer – 110 l
Note! Persons under 17 years of age are not allowed to carry any alcohol and tobacco.
Vienna, it is not only the capital of Austria, but also one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. Location, architecture and incredible atmosphere has big impact, what recalls about associated with this place the Habsburgs and the great composers. It should also be emphasized that for half a century, the role of Vienna increase not only domestically, but also internationally. Currently headquartered here are the largest companies and institutions operating in both on the European, and global level.
The city is located in the north – eastern part of the country, in the valley of the Danube. It is inhabited by nearly 1.7 million people, while in the entire Vienna agglomeration lives in total 2.3 million inhabitants.
It should be aware that Vienna is a statutory city, or one that has a distinct local regulations. It is also a city which is federal land, one of the nine federal lands in Austria.
Why go to Vienna? Because this is a very important center of European culture. At the same time it is a musical center of Europe, which hosts important concerts and opera performances. Perform here the world-renowned symphonic orchestras.